Unlike the U.S., the workers compensation program in Canada is government run. Every Employer in Canada must register for a worker’s compensation account in every province that they have employees working in.
Each province has different rules as far as the registration process.
For example, in Ontario you cannot apply for a workers compensation account until you actually have an employee start date, in Nova Scotia you don’t register for an account until you have 2 workers and in Alberta you can pre-register regardless of whether you have employees or not.
Each province also has different registration fees and some may even ask for a pre-payment for new registrants. As an employer, you pay a certain percentage in payroll taxes to the provincial workers compensation board based on the wages of your workers and the risk associated with the type of work your employees are performing.
The bigger the risk of injury to workers, the larger the percentage used when calculating what is due, for example currently in Ontario a worker in a clerical role would cost an employer 0.22% of the worker’s wage in workers comp taxes. However a worker on a construction site in Ontario would mean the employer is taxed at 5.05%.
If a worker is injured on the job, the workers compensation board will assign a claim adjuster who will investigate and make recommendations. The workers compensation boards in every province are in place to protect the worker and ensure employers meet health and safety standards. They can be a daunting authority to a U.S. company unfamiliar with the rules and regulations associated with the Canadian Ministry of Labour.
Many U.S. companies don’t realize that when their Canadian workers are injured, that they should complete their own investigation and that they have the right to appeal the board’s decision. They also tend to rely on their own legal counsel in the States to advise them on best practises across the border instead of engaging with a professional employment organization in Canada.